Search Results for: universal targeted

Forum discusses universal versus targeted preschool, age 4 versus earlier age programs, and public school versus private provision of preschool

On May 5, I spoke at in a forum in Minnesota on issues in designing preschool programs. The forum had six speakers with diverse perspectives on how to design early childhood programs. The context for the discussion was a debate … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

Economic diversity in pre-K, peer effects, and universal versus targeted programs

A recent report by Jeanne Reid and Sharon Lynn Kagan of Columbia University, written for The Century Foundation, argues for greater consideration of economic diversity as a feature that helps determine quality in pre-K programs. The report documents that low-income … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues | 1 Comment

Where is the weight of the evidence, and the burden of proof, for targeted vs. universal pre-K?

The Hamilton Project has released a useful e-book that presents evidence on selected anti-poverty policies. This includes some discussion of pre-K programs, by Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. The Cascio/Schanzenbach chapter argues for expansion of high-quality targeted pre-K.  My … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

The politics of universal vs. targeted pre-k

As a previous post has outlined, there are some economic tradeoffs in deciding between a pre-k program with “universal access” for all 4-year-olds, versus a pre-k program that is more narrowly targeted at children from low-income families.  Targeting children from … Continue reading

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Targeted pre-k vs. universal pre-k: overall effects and distributional effects

In a previous post, I showed that under plausible assumptions, universal pre-k would have broad benefits for the middle class as well as for the poor. But how does universal pre-k compare with a preschool program that is more tightly … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

What does the distinction between universal versus targeted preschool mean?

When we talk about creating “universal” access to preschool, versus expanding “targeted” preschool, we largely are asking whether we should just expand preschool for the poor, versus whether we should also expand preschool for the working class and middle class. … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

Why preschool should be universal

On Tuesday, May 5, I was asked to speak at a forum in Minnesota, on why I think that preschool should be universal rather than income-targeted. Below are my prepared remarks: My main reason for arguing that publicly supported preschool … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues | 1 Comment

Pre-K benefits both the poor and the middle class, but child care and parenting programs’ benefits are more targeted

In my new book, From Preschool to Prosperity, I review the research evidence on whether the benefits of early childhood programs go beyond children from low-income families to include middle-class children. This research evidence suggests that preschool at age 4 … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

Achievement gaps at kindergarten entry, income inequality, universal pre-K, and more-intensive early childhood education

Milagros Nores and Steve Barnett have written a recently-released report on how kindergarten readiness and preschool enrollment varies by different groups, including for different income groups. What they document is that at kindergarten entrance, children in disadvantaged groups are far … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

The appeal of universal programs rests in part on simplicity

A summary of my paper with my colleague Marta Lachowska on the Kalamazoo Promise recently was published in Education Next. (The summary even received a tweet from Arne Duncan!) The Kalamazoo Promise is a program begun in 2005, under which … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs