Category Archives: Distribution of benefits

Where is the weight of the evidence, and the burden of proof, for targeted vs. universal pre-K?

The Hamilton Project has released a useful e-book that presents evidence on selected anti-poverty policies. This includes some discussion of pre-K programs, by Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. The Cascio/Schanzenbach chapter argues for expansion of high-quality targeted pre-K.  My … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

Achievement gaps at kindergarten entry, income inequality, universal pre-K, and more-intensive early childhood education

Milagros Nores and Steve Barnett have written a recently-released report on how kindergarten readiness and preschool enrollment varies by different groups, including for different income groups. What they document is that at kindergarten entrance, children in disadvantaged groups are far … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

What do we know about pre-K peer effects?

A recent opinion piece by David Kirp in the New York Times argued that it makes no sense to put low-income children in income-segregated pre-K programs, as we do in the Head Start program, because of the importance of classroom … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

The importance of education, and a pre-K experiment to watch

Two articles recently came to my attention that are of considerable relevance to early childhood education. First, New York Times reporter Eduardo Porter has an article and interview with economist Thomas Piketty on growing economic inequality. Piketty is the author … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

Reducing inequality may sometimes increase economic growth – and a specific example is early childhood education

Nobel prize-winning economist Paul Krugman devoted his column this morning to recent empirical evidence, from the International Monetary Fund, which indicates that reducing income inequality need not reduce economic growth. This goes against a tradition among economists as seeing an … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

The appeal of universal programs rests in part on simplicity

A summary of my paper with my colleague Marta Lachowska on the Kalamazoo Promise recently was published in Education Next. (The summary even received a tweet from Arne Duncan!) The Kalamazoo Promise is a program begun in 2005, under which … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs

Weighing the preschool research evidence

Professor Bruce Fuller had an op-ed on preschool in the Washington Post on February 9. Professor Fuller’s interpretations of preschool research omit some important research. Specifically, Professor Fuller argues that “youngsters from middle-class and well-off homes benefit little from preschool”.  … Continue reading

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What the available evidence shows about middle-class benefits of early childhood education

At the recent Education Writers Association conference on early childhood education, Russ Whitehurst of the Brookings Institution cited Tulsa and Boston studies as evidence that the benefits of early childhood education are much greater for low-income children than for middle-class … Continue reading

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Why early childhood education can significantly reduce income inequality

President Obama’s State of the Union address Tuesday night is rumored to talk about a variety of measures to reduce income inequality (perhaps reframed as building “ladders of opportunity” for the poor and middle-class), including early childhood education. I thought … Continue reading

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My one-page issue brief (with links!) on “Facts from Early Childhood Research”

At the request of the group ReadyNation, I prepared a one-page issue brief. This issue brief was designed to provide a brief review of the facts about early childhood programs for business leaders who are involved with ReadyNation. The one-page … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment