Category Archives: Distribution of benefits

Fiscal benefits: pre-K pays for itself in the long-run

As I discuss in my new book, From Preschool to Prosperity, pre-K and other early childhood programs provide important “fiscal benefits”. By “fiscal benefits”, I mean increases in tax revenue or reductions in needed spending, even at the same tax … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Timing of benefits

Peer effects in K-12 education are important spillover benefits of early childhood education

One reason why all families benefit from publicly-funded preschool, including families who don’t enroll their children in public preschool, is the increased educational achievement due to peer effects in K-12 schools.  As discussed in my new book, From Preschool to … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

Pre-K benefits both the poor and the middle class, but child care and parenting programs’ benefits are more targeted

In my new book, From Preschool to Prosperity, I review the research evidence on whether the benefits of early childhood programs go beyond children from low-income families to include middle-class children. This research evidence suggests that preschool at age 4 … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

Even under conservative estimates, early childhood education can do quite a bit to address income inequality

On September 16, the latest Census Bureau statistics on poverty and income distribution were released. Among other things, these latest stats showed a stagnant trend in relative income of different groups, based upon the Current Population Survey, which omits some … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood programs

Where is the weight of the evidence, and the burden of proof, for targeted vs. universal pre-K?

The Hamilton Project has released a useful e-book that presents evidence on selected anti-poverty policies. This includes some discussion of pre-K programs, by Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. The Cascio/Schanzenbach chapter argues for expansion of high-quality targeted pre-K.  My … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

Achievement gaps at kindergarten entry, income inequality, universal pre-K, and more-intensive early childhood education

Milagros Nores and Steve Barnett have written a recently-released report on how kindergarten readiness and preschool enrollment varies by different groups, including for different income groups. What they document is that at kindergarten entrance, children in disadvantaged groups are far … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

What do we know about pre-K peer effects?

A recent opinion piece by David Kirp in the New York Times argued that it makes no sense to put low-income children in income-segregated pre-K programs, as we do in the Head Start program, because of the importance of classroom … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues