Category Archives: Distribution of benefits

Even under conservative estimates, early childhood education can do quite a bit to address income inequality

On September 16, the latest Census Bureau statistics on poverty and income distribution were released. Among other things, these latest stats showed a stagnant trend in relative income of different groups, based upon the Current Population Survey, which omits some … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood programs

Where is the weight of the evidence, and the burden of proof, for targeted vs. universal pre-K?

The Hamilton Project has released a useful e-book that presents evidence on selected anti-poverty policies. This includes some discussion of pre-K programs, by Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. The Cascio/Schanzenbach chapter argues for expansion of high-quality targeted pre-K.  My … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs | 1 Comment

Achievement gaps at kindergarten entry, income inequality, universal pre-K, and more-intensive early childhood education

Milagros Nores and Steve Barnett have written a recently-released report on how kindergarten readiness and preschool enrollment varies by different groups, including for different income groups. What they document is that at kindergarten entrance, children in disadvantaged groups are far … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

What do we know about pre-K peer effects?

A recent opinion piece by David Kirp in the New York Times argued that it makes no sense to put low-income children in income-segregated pre-K programs, as we do in the Head Start program, because of the importance of classroom … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

The importance of education, and a pre-K experiment to watch

Two articles recently came to my attention that are of considerable relevance to early childhood education. First, New York Times reporter Eduardo Porter has an article and interview with economist Thomas Piketty on growing economic inequality. Piketty is the author … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

Reducing inequality may sometimes increase economic growth – and a specific example is early childhood education

Nobel prize-winning economist Paul Krugman devoted his column this morning to recent empirical evidence, from the International Monetary Fund, which indicates that reducing income inequality need not reduce economic growth. This goes against a tradition among economists as seeing an … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

The appeal of universal programs rests in part on simplicity

A summary of my paper with my colleague Marta Lachowska on the Kalamazoo Promise recently was published in Education Next. (The summary even received a tweet from Arne Duncan!) The Kalamazoo Promise is a program begun in 2005, under which … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Early childhood programs