Category Archives: Distribution of benefits

Forum discusses universal versus targeted preschool, age 4 versus earlier age programs, and public school versus private provision of preschool

On May 5, I spoke at in a forum in Minnesota on issues in designing preschool programs. The forum had six speakers with diverse perspectives on how to design early childhood programs. The context for the discussion was a debate … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues

Why preschool should be universal

On Tuesday, May 5, I was asked to speak at a forum in Minnesota, on why I think that preschool should be universal rather than income-targeted. Below are my prepared remarks: My main reason for arguing that publicly supported preschool … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues | 1 Comment

The importance of neighborhoods for child development

On Monday, May 4, the New York Times gave prominent coverage to two recent papers that provide strong evidence that better neighborhoods or local areas for young children make a large difference in increasing future adult earnings and income for … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Economic development

Economic diversity in pre-K, peer effects, and universal versus targeted programs

A recent report by Jeanne Reid and Sharon Lynn Kagan of Columbia University, written for The Century Foundation, argues for greater consideration of economic diversity as a feature that helps determine quality in pre-K programs. The report documents that low-income … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues | 1 Comment

Review of Robert Putnam’s new book, “Our Kids”: strong on vivid individual stories illustrating the problems; weaker on showing solutions

Robert Putnam’s new book, “Our Kids”, does an excellent job of telling individual stories of the American poor, and in particular recounting how their lives are affected by their experiences in childhood and adolescence.  (Robert Putnam is a political science … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits

Head Start impacts: the importance of the counterfactual

Two recent research papers, by Kline and Walters, and by Feller et al., suggest that Head Start has much larger impacts when it is compared to the alternative of “no preschool”. This finding tends to increase the likelihood that Head … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Early childhood program design issues, Local variation in benefits

Fiscal benefits: pre-K pays for itself in the long-run

As I discuss in my new book, From Preschool to Prosperity, pre-K and other early childhood programs provide important “fiscal benefits”. By “fiscal benefits”, I mean increases in tax revenue or reductions in needed spending, even at the same tax … Continue reading

Posted in Distribution of benefits, Timing of benefits